Autism affects everyone differently and while cases of Autism may be similar, no two cases are ever the same. Some individuals with Autism may be mildly or moderately impacted while others may be profoundly impacted. Autism may affect several areas of development including: communication, socialization, daily living skills, motor skills, executive functions, among others. Challenging behaviors such as tantrums and difficulty communicating wants and needs may be present as well. Generally speaking, an Autism diagnosis can impact attention span, eye contact, socialization abilities, play abilities, motor skills, academic performance, emotional regulation, self-care skills, communication skills, among other areas.
In addition to the diagnosis itself, many factors affect the ways in which a child is impacted by Autism. These factors include but are not limited to: accessibility of effective treatment, timing of treatment (earlier vs. later), developmental areas affected (motor, play, communication, etc.), as well as a child’s environment (school placement, access to resources, etc.). As mentioned earlier, some children who are diagnosed with Autism may only have mild to moderate skill deficits and challenging behaviors. Others may present with more profound deficits such as limited speech or communication skills and aggressive behaviors. Additionally, many children diagnosed with Autism also present with sleeping, feeding, and toileting difficulties. It is a clinical and ethical requirement for all Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) programs to be individualized to fit the needs of the individual. Therefore, behavior and skill development goals must be custom tailored and specifically designed to match the clinical needs of the learner. When applicable, strong ABA programs will place an emphasis on the development of communication skills as this is an integral component of many aspects of development. In fact, many challenging behaviors occur when there is a lack of communication skills present. In other words, if a child does not know how to communicate, either through vocal language, sign language, PECS (picture exchange communication system), or another communication device, the more likely he or she will be to engage in challenging behaviors to gain access to wants and needs.
Despite the degree to which a child is impacted by Autism, ABA therapy can help. Through the use of research backed strategies and principles, ABA programs can be utilized to facilitate positive and desirable changes in behavior. For more information on how ABA programs are effective, please see our previous post titled: “How is ABA Therapy Effective?”